These pint-sized bundles of energy are not only charming but also prone to certain health issues, including dental problems.
While those tiny teeth may seem inconspicuous, they play a crucial role in your Pomeranian’s overall well-being. Dental issues can cause discomfort, pain, and even lead to more severe health problems if left unchecked.
In this article, we delve into the world of Pomeranian dental health, exploring the signs that may indicate dental problems in these lovable companions and discussing the importance of regular dental care for your furry friend.
Common Dental Issues in Pomeranians
Retained Baby Teeth
Pomeranian puppies have deciduous teeth, also known as baby or milk teeth. These teeth should fall out when the permanent teeth come in, but sometimes they don’t. Retained baby teeth can cause overcrowding, misalignment, and other dental problems. It’s important to have a veterinarian check your Pomeranian’s teeth regularly to ensure they are growing in correctly.
Gum disease is a common problem in Pomeranians. It is caused by the buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth, which can lead to inflammation and infection of the gums. Signs of gum disease include bad breath, swollen or bleeding gums, and loose teeth. Regular dental cleanings and good oral hygiene can help prevent gum disease in Pomeranians.
Tooth Decay and Cavities
Tooth decay and cavities can also occur in Pomeranians. This is caused by the buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth, which can erode the enamel and cause cavities. Signs of tooth decay and cavities include bad breath, discolored teeth, and sensitivity to hot and cold foods. Regular dental cleanings and good oral hygiene can help prevent tooth decay and cavities in Pomeranians.
Pomeranians are known for their love of chewing on toys and treats. However, this can sometimes lead to broken teeth. Broken teeth can be painful and can lead to infection if left untreated. Signs of broken teeth include bad breath, bleeding gums, and difficulty eating. It’s important to have a veterinarian check your Pomeranian’s teeth regularly to ensure they are healthy and strong.
Symptoms of Dental Problems in Pomeranians
Pomeranians are prone to dental problems, and it is crucial for their owners to be aware of the symptoms of dental issues. Early detection and treatment can prevent severe dental problems and save your Pom from unnecessary pain and discomfort.
Here are some of the most common symptoms of dental problems in Pomeranians:
- Bad breath: If your Pomeranian’s breath smells bad, it could indicate dental problems such as periodontal disease or tooth decay. Bad breath is caused by the buildup of bacteria in the mouth, which can lead to infection and inflammation.
- Pain and discomfort: Pomeranians with dental problems may experience pain and discomfort while eating or chewing. They may also paw at their mouth or refuse to eat altogether. If your Pomeranian shows signs of discomfort, it is essential to take them to the vet for a dental checkup.
- Swollen or bleeding gums: Inflammation of the gums is a common symptom of dental problems in Pomeranians. If your Pomeranian’s gums are swollen or bleeding, it could be a sign of gum disease or tooth decay.
- Excessive drooling: Pomeranians with dental problems may drool excessively due to pain and discomfort. If your Pomeranian is drooling more than usual, it is essential to take them to the vet for a dental checkup.
- Blood in the mouth: If you notice blood in your Pomeranian’s mouth, it could be a sign of dental problems such as gum disease or an oral infection. Blood in the mouth is a serious symptom that should not be ignored.
Causes of Dental Problems in Pomeranians
Dental problems in Pomeranians can be caused by a variety of factors. Some of the most common causes of dental problems in Pomeranians include:
Plaque and Tartar Buildup
Pomeranians are susceptible to plaque and tartar buildup on their teeth, which can lead to dental problems such as gum disease and tooth decay. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth, while tartar is a hard deposit that forms when plaque is not removed. Regular brushing and dental cleanings can help prevent plaque and tartar buildup.
Some Pomeranians may be genetically predisposed to dental problems, such as overcrowding of teeth or misaligned jaws. These issues can lead to dental problems such as gum disease and tooth decay.
Diet can also play a role in dental health. Pomeranians that are fed a diet high in carbohydrates or sugar may be more prone to dental problems. Additionally, Pomeranians that are fed a soft diet may be more prone to dental problems than those that are fed a hard diet.
Bacteria in the mouth can also contribute to dental problems in Pomeranians. This bacteria can cause gum disease and tooth decay if not properly controlled.
Allergies can also contribute to dental problems in Pomeranians. Allergic reactions can cause inflammation in the mouth, which can lead to gum disease and other dental problems.
Stress can also play a role in dental health. Pomeranians that are under stress may be more prone to dental problems such as gum disease and tooth decay.
Liver disease can also contribute to dental problems in Pomeranians. This is because the liver plays an important role in the body’s immune system, and a compromised immune system can lead to dental problems.
Prevention and Care for Dental Problems in Pomeranians
Preventing dental problems in Pomeranians involves a combination of regular dental care, a healthy diet, and exercise. Proper dental care is essential to maintain healthy teeth and gums.
Regular brushing with a dog toothbrush and toothpaste is recommended to prevent plaque buildup and tartar formation. Pomeranians should have their teeth brushed at least two to three times a week.
Chew toys are also an important part of dental care for Pomeranians. Chewing helps to remove plaque and tartar buildup from teeth. It is important to choose the right type of chew toy for your Pomeranian.
Hard bones or antlers can cause tooth fractures, while soft toys can be easily destroyed and ingested, leading to digestive problems. Dental chews designed specifically for dogs are a good option as they are formulated to help remove plaque and tartar.
In addition to dental care, a healthy diet is also important for maintaining healthy teeth and gums. A diet that is rich in nutrients, such as calcium, vitamin D, and phosphorus, can help to strengthen teeth and bones.
Exercise is also an important part of dental care for Pomeranians. Regular exercise helps to promote good circulation, which can help to keep teeth and gums healthy. Exercise also helps to reduce stress, which can contribute to dental problems in Pomeranians.
Regular dental checkups are also recommended to ensure that any dental problems are caught early and treated promptly. If you notice any signs of dental problems in your Pomeranian, such as bad breath, bleeding gums, or loose teeth, it is important to consult with your veterinarian as soon as possible.
Professional Dental Care for Pomeranians
While regular brushing and dental care at home is essential for maintaining good oral health in Pomeranians, professional dental care is also important.
A veterinarian should examine a Pomeranian’s teeth at least once a year during a regular checkup. During the checkup, the vet will look for signs of dental problems such as tartar buildup, gum disease, and tooth decay.
If dental problems are detected, the vet may recommend a professional dental cleaning. This procedure involves removing tartar and plaque buildup from the teeth and gums.
The Pomeranian will be placed under anesthesia during the procedure to ensure their safety and comfort. The vet may also perform dental surgery if necessary to remove damaged or infected teeth.
In addition to professional dental cleaning and surgery, medication may be prescribed to treat dental problems in Pomeranians. Antibiotics may be prescribed to treat gum disease or prevent infection after dental surgery. Pain medication may also be prescribed to manage discomfort after dental procedures.
Special Considerations for Pomeranian Puppies Teeth
Pomeranian puppies have deciduous teeth, also known as milk teeth or puppy teeth.
These teeth are not permanent and should fall out when the puppy starts teething. Pomeranian puppies have 28 milk teeth, which consist of 14 upper and 14 lower teeth. The teeth include incisors, canines, and premolars.
Pomeranian puppies start to lose their milk teeth and grow a permanent set of teeth between three and seven months. Adult Pomeranians have 42 permanent teeth, which include incisors, canines, premolars, and molars.
It is essential to train Pomeranian puppies to tolerate teeth cleaning as early as possible. Brushing your Pomeranian’s teeth regularly can help prevent dental problems such as tartar buildup and gingivitis. Tartar buildup can cause swollen gums, which can lead to tooth decay and infection.
To train your Pomeranian puppy to tolerate teeth cleaning, you can start by using your finger to rub the puppy’s teeth and gums. Once your puppy is comfortable with this, you can introduce a toothbrush. Use a toothbrush designed for dogs and toothpaste that is safe for dogs. Do not use human toothpaste as it can be harmful to dogs.
Frequently Asked Questions
When do Pomeranians lose their baby teeth?
Pomeranian puppies have deciduous teeth, also known as puppy or milk teeth. These teeth aren’t permanent, and they should fall when your Pom starts teething. Generally, Pomeranian puppies start to lose their baby teeth between three and six months of age. By the time they reach seven months, they should have a full set of adult teeth.
How often do Pomeranians need teeth cleaning?
Pomeranians generally have more dental problems than other breeds. Pomeranians’ jaws are so small that their teeth can get overcrowded and are hard to keep clean. It is recommended to brush your Pomeranian’s teeth at least twice a week to prevent tartar buildup. Regular dental checkups and cleanings by a veterinarian are also essential to maintain your Pomeranian’s dental health.
Are Pomeranians known for having bad teeth?
Yes, Pomeranians are known for having bad teeth. Tartar buildup and overcrowding are common dental issues that Pomeranians face. A buildup of tartar and plaque can cause swollen gums (gingivitis), which can lead to tooth decay and infection if left untreated.
What are the signs of periodontal disease in Pomeranians?
Periodontal disease in Pomeranians can lead to several problems, including discomfort, inflammation, foul breath, and tooth loss. Some common signs of periodontal disease in Pomeranians include bad breath, swollen or bleeding gums, loose or missing teeth, and difficulty eating.
Can Pomeranians have double teeth?
Yes, Pomeranians can have double teeth. Double teeth occur when two teeth grow in the same spot. This can cause overcrowding and make it difficult to clean the teeth properly. If your Pomeranian has double teeth, it is important to have them examined by a veterinarian.
What should I do if my Pomeranian has missing teeth?
If your Pomeranian has missing teeth, it is important to have them examined by a veterinarian. Missing teeth can be a sign of dental disease or injury. Depending on the cause of the missing teeth, your veterinarian may recommend treatment options such as dental cleaning, extractions, or other dental procedures.