Do Pomeranians Smell

Do Pomeranians Smell?

We are all familiar with the distinct doggy smell that can sometimes be very pungent. Pomeranians are small dogs with a full coat of fur, do they smell?

Pomeranians are not known as a smelly breed. Dog smells can come from a variety of reasons including getting into something outdoors, allergies, or health conditions. Making sure your dog is groomed and receives veterinary care can reduce odors.

In this article, I dig into why a dog may smell and what we can do about it as owners.

Why Would A Pomeranian Smell

Pomeranians and all dogs smell. The amount of scent can range from the subtle normal dog odors to pungent smells that are offensive.

What Is A Normal Dog Smell

When you enter a home where a dog lives a visitor is usually able to detect a slight dog smell.

It’s not necessarily a bad dog smell but, rather a slight odor that indicates that a dog is nearby.

Unlike humans, dogs don’t sweat from their pores but, they do sweat from their paw pads and hair follicles.

Oils are also produced from your dog’s hair and skin.

A dog’s ears give off a yeasty scent and the dog’s anal glands also create a musky scent.

All of these scents are left all over your home creating a consistent scent of your dog.

Most homeowners won’t even notice the slight dog scent since they live in the home and are used to it.

What Are Problematic Dog Smells

There are three categories of problematic dog odors.

Those that are caused by a possible health concern, bodily functions, and something your dog has gotten into.

Dog Odors Caused By Health Issues

If a dog is experiencing a bacterial, yeast, or fungal infection the dog will likely be giving off a strong odor.

Some common infections include ear, dental, and urinary.

Even if your dog doesn’t have an ear infection the ears are commonplace for wax build-up and germs which can cause odors.

Dog Odors Caused By Ear Infections In Dogs

Bacterial Infections: Bacteria, particularly those that thrive in warm and moist environments, can cause ear infections in dogs. The infection may lead to the production of a foul-smelling discharge, contributing to the unpleasant odor.

Yeast Infections: Yeast overgrowth, often caused by an underlying issue such as allergies or moisture in the ear canal, is another common cause of ear infections in dogs. Yeast infections can produce a musty or pungent odor.

Foreign Objects: Objects such as grass seeds, foxtails, or debris can become lodged in a dog’s ear canal, leading to irritation and infection. The presence of a foreign object can result in discomfort, discharge, and a noticeable smell.

Ear Anatomy: Dogs with floppy ears or those with hair in their ear canals are more prone to ear infections. This is because these factors create an environment that traps moisture, providing an ideal breeding ground for bacteria and yeast.

Scratching and Head Shaking: Dogs may scratch at their ears or shake their heads vigorously when they have an ear infection. This behavior can exacerbate the issue, leading to further inflammation, trauma, and a stronger odor.

Skin Infections That Can Cause Dog Odors

Skin infections in dogs can lead to an unpleasant odor, and they can be caused by bacterial or fungal agents.

Bacterial Infections:

  • Hot Spots: Hot spots, or acute moist dermatitis, are localized bacterial infections that often result from underlying issues such as allergies, insect bites, or skin irritations. These infections can cause red, inflamed areas on the skin with a strong, unpleasant smell.
  • Pyoderma: Pyoderma is a bacterial skin infection that can affect different layers of the skin. It often results in pustules, redness, and a distinct odor. The infection may be caused by various bacteria, including Staphylococcus.

Fungal Infections:

  • Yeast Infections: Yeast infections, caused by the overgrowth of Malassezia or Candida species, can occur on the skin’s surface or in the ears. These infections can produce a characteristic yeasty or musty odor.
  • Ringworm: Despite its name, ringworm is a fungal infection, not a worm. It can affect the skin, hair, and sometimes nails, leading to red, scaly lesions with a potential for an unpleasant odor.

Allergies:

  • Atopy: Allergic reactions to environmental factors (atopy) can lead to skin infections in dogs. The constant itching and scratching associated with allergies can break the skin barrier, making it more susceptible to bacterial or fungal invasion. This can result in secondary infections with accompanying odors.

Parasitic Infections:

  • Fleas and Mites: Fleas and mites can cause intense itching, leading to scratching and biting. The broken skin can then become susceptible to bacterial infections, contributing to a foul odor.

Hormonal Imbalances:

  • Hypothyroidism: A hormonal imbalance, such as hypothyroidism, can affect a dog’s skin health. Skin infections may occur as a secondary consequence, accompanied by a noticeable odor.

Signs of Skin Infections:

  • Redness, inflammation, or swelling on the skin.
  • Hair loss or changes in coat texture.
  • Itching, scratching, or biting at the affected areas.
  • Presence of pustules, scales, or lesions.
  • The unpleasant odor emanates from the skin.

Treatment: Treatment for skin infections in dogs often involves addressing the underlying cause, whether it’s allergies, parasites, or hormonal imbalances. Veterinary intervention is crucial for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. This may include topical or oral medications, medicated shampoos, and addressing any contributing factors to prevent recurrence.

Prevention: Regular grooming, maintaining a clean environment, and addressing any potential allergens or irritants can contribute to preventing skin infections in dogs. Additionally, prompt attention to any signs of skin issues can help catch and treat problems before they escalate.

Medical Conditions That Can Cause Dog Odors

Beyond specific issues like dental and ear problems, underlying medical conditions can also contribute to an unusual body odor in dogs. Here’s more information:

Kidney Disease: Dogs with kidney disease may have breath that smells like urine, as the kidneys are responsible for filtering waste products from the blood. Additionally, kidney disease can alter the dog’s overall scent.

Diabetes: Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to a sweet or fruity odor on a dog’s breath. Changes in metabolism associated with diabetes can affect the body’s scent.

Metabolic Disorders: Certain metabolic disorders can result in abnormal by-products in a dog’s system, leading to an unusual body odor. These disorders may affect various organs and bodily functions.

Dog Odors Caused By Dental Issues

Poor oral hygiene is a common cause of bad breath in dogs, and dental issues can significantly contribute to an unpleasant odor. Here’s a more detailed explanation:

Plaque and Tartar Buildup: Just like in humans, dogs can develop plaque on their teeth, which is a sticky film of bacteria. If not removed through regular brushing or dental care, this plaque can harden into tartar, a yellow or brown substance that adheres to the teeth. The accumulation of plaque and tartar not only leads to bad breath but also provides a breeding ground for bacteria.

Gingivitis: Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums, often caused by the irritation of bacteria in plaque and tartar. In dogs, it can result in red, swollen, and sometimes bleeding gums. The inflammation contributes to bad breath and discomfort for the dog.

Periodontal Disease: If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontal disease, a more severe condition that affects the supporting structures of the teeth, including the ligaments and bone. This can lead to tooth loss and intensify the unpleasant odor as the infection becomes more entrenched.

Bacterial Infections: Bacteria that thrive in the oral cavity can cause infections not only in the gums but also in the roots of the teeth. These infections may produce foul-smelling substances, contributing to the bad breath emanating from the dog’s mouth.

Abscesses: In advanced cases, untreated dental issues can lead to abscess formation in the mouth. An abscess is a pocket of infection that can cause intense pain for the dog and a particularly offensive odor.

Systemic Health Implications: Poor dental health in dogs doesn’t just affect their mouths; it can have systemic health implications. Bacteria from the mouth can enter the bloodstream and potentially affect vital organs, such as the heart, liver, and kidneys.

Dog Odors Caused By Anal Gland Issues

What are Anal Glands:

  • Dogs have anal glands, also known as anal sacs, located on either side of the anus. These glands produce a smelly, oily substance that is normally released during bowel movements. The scent serves as a form of communication for dogs.

Impaction:

  • Anal gland impaction occurs when the fluid inside the glands thickens and doesn’t get expressed naturally during bowel movements. This can lead to discomfort for the dog and a noticeable, unpleasant odor.

Infection:

  • Anal gland infections can occur when bacteria proliferate inside the glands, leading to inflammation and the production of foul-smelling substances. Infections can cause pain and may require veterinary attention.

Symptoms of Anal Gland Issues:

  • Scooting: Dogs may drag their hindquarters on the ground or carpet in an attempt to relieve discomfort.
  • Excessive licking or biting at the base of the tail.
  • Foul odor: A strong, fishy, or fecal smell may be present, particularly around the anus.
  • Swelling or redness near the anus.

Expressing Anal Glands:

  • Some dogs may require manual expression of their anal glands, especially if they are prone to impaction. This can be done by a veterinarian or a groomer. Regular expression can help prevent issues, but it should be done by a professional to avoid injury or infection.

Causes of Anal Gland Issues:

  • Diet: In some cases, the consistency of a dog’s stool can affect the natural expression of anal glands. Diets lacking in fiber may contribute to firmer stools, making it harder for glands to empty naturally.
  • Breed Predisposition: Certain breeds are more prone to anal gland issues, including small breeds and those with specific anatomical characteristics.

Treatment:

  • Treatment may involve expressing the glands manually to relieve impaction or infection. In severe cases, antibiotics may be prescribed if there is an infection. Changes in diet, such as adding fiber, may also be recommended.

Prevention:

  • Providing a balanced diet with sufficient fiber to promote healthy bowel movements.
  • Regular veterinary check-ups to monitor and address any emerging issues.
  • Awareness of breed predispositions and early intervention if anal gland problems are suspected.

Dog Odors Caused By Skin Infections

Many skin conditions can cause your Pomeranian to have a foul odor.

Allergic Dermatitis:

  • Environmental Allergens: Dogs can develop allergic dermatitis due to exposure to environmental allergens like pollen, grass, or mold. Constant scratching or chewing at the skin can lead to openings that allow bacteria or fungi to cause infections, contributing to a foul odor.
  • Food Allergies: Allergies to certain ingredients in dog food can manifest as skin problems, potentially leading to infections. Identifying and eliminating the allergen from the dog’s diet may be necessary.

Hot Spots (Acute Moist Dermatitis):

  • Definition: Hot spots are localized areas of inflamed and infected skin that can develop rapidly. They are often triggered by allergies, insect bites, or moisture.
  • Characteristics: Hot spots are typically red, moist, and painful. The dog may chew or lick the affected area, leading to the development of a strong odor.

Yeast Infections:

  • Causes: Yeast infections are commonly caused by an overgrowth of Malassezia, a type of yeast. This overgrowth can be triggered by factors like allergies, hormonal imbalances, or a compromised immune system.
  • Odor: Yeast infections often produce a distinct musty or sour odor, especially in areas where skin folds or moisture accumulates.

Pyoderma:

  • Definition: Pyoderma refers to a bacterial skin infection that can affect different layers of the skin. Staphylococcus bacteria are often implicated.
  • Symptoms: Pyoderma can result in pustules, redness, and crusted lesions. The bacterial infection contributes to an unpleasant smell.

Ringworm (Dermatophytosis):

  • Fungal Infection: Despite its name, ringworm is a fungal infection caused by dermatophytes. It can affect the skin, hair, and nails.
  • Ringworm Odor: Infected areas may emit a particular odor. The infection often causes red, scaly lesions with a potential for a strong smell.

Mange (Sarcoptic and Demodectic):

  • Sarcoptic Mange: Caused by the Sarcoptes scabiei mite, sarcoptic mange results in intense itching, hair loss, and skin inflammation. Secondary bacterial infections can contribute to odor.
  • Demodectic Mange: Demodex mites are normally present on the skin, but an overgrowth can lead to demodectic mange. Skin infections and hair loss may occur.

Hormonal Imbalances:

  • Cushing’s Disease: Dogs with Cushing’s disease may experience skin changes, including thinning of the skin, increased susceptibility to infections, and a potential for odor.
  • Hypothyroidism: A lack of thyroid hormones can affect the skin, leading to dryness, flakiness, and an increased risk of infections.

Interdigital Cysts:

  • Location: Interdigital cysts occur between a dog’s toes and can be caused by foreign objects, infections, or structural issues.
  • Symptoms: Cysts can be painful, leading to licking and chewing. Infections within the cysts may produce a noticeable smell.

Treatment and Prevention:

  • Treatment involves addressing the specific cause, which may include antibiotics, antifungal medications, or medicated shampoos.
  • Preventive measures include maintaining good hygiene, regular grooming, addressing allergies, and seeking veterinary attention for early signs of skin issues.

Note: If you notice any signs of skin infections in your dog, such as persistent itching, redness, or an unusual odor, consulting with a veterinarian is essential for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Dog Odors Caused By Bodily Functions

If everything seems fine and then all of a sudden you smell a foul odor your dog may just have gas.

Some dogs are more likely to pass gas. If your dog is sensitive to its food and diet it may pass gas more often.

If you notice that your dog has gas regularly it may be best to talk with your vet.

Doggy breath is famous for its questionable odor.

If you are noticing doggy breath that is very strong your dog may have tooth decay or a tooth infection.

Extremely bad breath is another concern to address with your vet.

Dog Odors Caused By Something Your Dog Has Gotton Into

We’ve all had that moment when you’ve let your dog back in the house after going outside just to discover that they stink.

There are a few things that your dog may have gotten into that are causing a foul smell.

  • Trash
  • Skunk spray
  • Mud
  • Rolling in something dead
  • Rolling in animal feces

Keeping a good eye on your dog at all times can help prevent some of these situations.

Why would a Pomeranian smell

How To Prevent Your Pomeranian From Smelling

There are many things that you can do that will decrease how much your dog and home smell.

  1. Bathe your dog regularly
  2. Brush your dog often to remove shed fur
  3. Feed your dog high-quality food
  4. Wash your dog’s bedding and toys often
  5. Make sure your dog’s ears are clean
  6. Brush your dog’s teeth regularly
  7. Wipe your dog’s paws if they are dirty
  8. Dry your dog after it becomes wet
  9. Evaluate your dog looking for any sores or skin irritations before they advance
  10. Use an air purifier
  11. Clean floors and furniture often
Preventing Your Pomeranian From Smelling

How Often Does A Pomeranian Need A Bath

Unless your Pomeranian has gotten into something or has a condition that would require bathing more often, Pomeranians should only need a bath once every two to three months.

Pomeranians should be brushed at least once a week.

What Should I Use In My Pomeranian’s Bath

Selecting the best products to use during your dog’s bath is extremely important.

There are so many products on the market that include hidden toxic ingredients and irritants.

Many ingredients are known as endocrine disruptors or carcinogens.

A natural or organic shampoo and conditioner that is free of fragrances, and preservatives like formaldehyde, parabens, and isothiazolinones. Surfactants like ethanolamines, sodium lauryl sulfate, and Cocamidopropyl betaine. Solvents and artificial colors.

Look for products that are organic and clearly labeled that do not include these harmful ingredients.

When in doubt make sure that you know what each ingredient is.

Should I Use Doggy Perfume

I would suggest not using doggy perfumes.

Doggy perfumes are used to mask the current odor and do not eliminate the cause of the odor.

A doggy perfume is just going to add to the smells present and possibly harm you or your dog over time from inhalation of the perfume.

It’s better to address the root cause of the smells.

What To Do If Your Pomeranian Smells

If you are noticing that your Pomeranian has started to smell the first step is to try to figure out why your dog smells.

Give your dog a good evaluation to see if you notice any obvious reason for the smell.

Your dog may just need a brush and bath with a quick wash of its bedding and toys.

On the other hand, you may notice a medical reason like an ear or skin infection that needs Veterinary care.

If it isn’t obvious I would try bathing your dog first and then making a vet appointment if that doesn’t solve the problem.

How to prevent your Pomeranian from smelling

What Is The Least Smelly Dog

Some of the least smelly dog breeds include.

  • Pomeranian
  • Whippet
  • Chihuahua
  • Maltese
  • Lakeland Terrier
  • Yorkshire Terrier
  • Dalmation

What Is The Most Smelly Dog

Some of the most smelly dog breeds are.

  • St. Bernard
  • Shar Pei
  • Beagles
  • Pugs
  • Bloodhounds
  • Cocker Spaniels
  • English Bulldog

Final Thoughts

Although Pomeranians have a full coat of fluffy fur they are not prone to having a bad smell.

It is possible for any dog to roll in something stinky or to get a smelly infection.

With regular brushing, baths, and care your dog should be free of any offensive doggy smells.

78 Must-Know Facts On Pomeranians!

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